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Среднее профессиональное образование

Среднее профессиональное образование

МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ И НАУКИ РОССИЙСКОЙ ФЕДЕРАЦИИ

Федеральное государственное автономное образовательное учреждение высшего профессионального образования

«Национальный исследовательский ядерный университет «МИФИ» Технологический институт-филиал НИЯУ МИФИ


Среднее профессиональное образование




УТВЕРЖДАЮ

Заместитель директора по УР

ТИ НИЯУ МИФИ

Могиленских Т. А.


«_______»_______________





Задания для самостоятельной работы студентов


по дисциплине


Иностранный язык (английский)







для специальностей: 151901 Технология машиностроения

210112 Электронные приборы и устройства

270802 Строительство и эксплуатация зданий и сооружений





г. Лесной 2012 г.


Техника перевода профессионально - ориентированных текстов.

1. Чтение профессионально - ориентированного текста.

2. Профессионально - ориентированная лексика, фразеология и термины.

3. Чтение текстов с извлечением основной информации (ознакомительное чтение).

4. Чтение текстов с извлечением полной информации (изучающее чтение).

5. Чтение текстов с извлечением нужной или интересующей информации (поисковое чтение).

6. Распознавание значений слов по контексту.

7. Чтение текстов с полным пониманием и выстраивание логической последовательности.

8. Чтение с полным пониманием текста и логическое завершение предложения.

Студентам необходимо перевести тексты и выполнить

предложенные задания. Чтение профессионально - ориентированного текста.

1.1.

Прочитайте текст и. выберите утверждение, соответствующее содержанию.текста

The technical problems of colour television have been solved long ago - a German patent for the transmission of images in colour was taken out by the physicist. Otto von Brook, as far back as 1902 - but the high cost of the equipment, especially receivers, has held up its general introduction. In America, television programmes in colour have been transmitted since the early 195O's to a limited number of viewers who can afford the extra cost, and an experimental service began in Britain in 1955, Japan started its regular colour service in the autumn of I960: a year later there were already 15.000 receiving sets in operation, although the price of a colour set was still eight times as much as that of a black-and-white receiver. Then the Soviet Union, too, hasintroduced a colour television service.


Варианты ответов

  1. Japan started its regular colour service in 1955.

  2. Colour television appeared in 1902.

  3. In America television programmes in colour were accessible to a great number of viewers.

  4. In America colour television appeared in 1960.

1.2

Прочитайте текст и. выберите утверждение, соответствующее содержанию текста

For television fans who can't make up their minds about which station to watch, вTaiwanese manufacturer has come up with a solution. The firm has introduced a three-screen television set. The unit features a 19-inch (47.5 cm),colour screen flanked on one side by a pair of 5-inch (12.5 cm), black-and-white screens mounted one above the other. Three channels can be watched at once, and using a remote control aviewer can rotate simultaneous broadcasts from one screen to another simply by pressing a button. One or both of the similar screens can also be hooked up to a closed-circuit camera, thus functioning as a security-surveillance monitor.


Варианты ответов

  1. A German manufacturer has introduced a tree-screen television set.

  2. Two channels can be watched at once,

  3. A viewer can rotate simultaneous broadcasts from one screen to another by switching off the TV-set.

  4. A Taiwanese manufacture has introduced a three-screen television set.


2 Профессионально - ориентированная лексика, фразеология и термины.

2.1

Выберите соответствия между английскими словами и их русскими эквивалентами

1. to transmit

2. insulation

3. telephone exchange

4. tousetheelectronics


Варианты ответов

  1. использовать электронику

  2. телефонная станция

  3. передавать

  4. изоляция


2.2

Выберите соответствия между английскими словами и их русскими эквивалентами

1. mathematical calculations

2. operating system

3. ultra-violet light

4. vacuumtube


Варианты ответов

  1. математические вычисления

  2. вакуумная лампа

  3. ультрафиолетовый свет

  4. операционная система



3 Чтение текстов с извлечением основной информации (ознакомительное чтение).

3.1

Прочитайте текст и определите, какой из заголовков соответствует тексту

Plate current is the flow of electrons from cathode to the plate and their return to the cathode through the external circuit. Plate current flows in a diode when the plate is made positive with respect to the cathode. No current flows when the plate is negative with respect to the cathode. This is called unidirectional conduction.


Варианты ответов

  1. The Electrons

  2. The Cathode

  3. The External Circuit

  4. Plate Current

3.2

Прочитайте текст и определите, какой из заголовков соответствует тексту

Anelectric cell is used to produce and supply electric energy. It consists of an electrolyte and two electrodes. Electrodes are used as terminals, they connect the cell to the circuit -current passes through the terminals and the bulb lights. Cells can be connected in series, in parallel and in series-parallel. In order to increase the current capacity cells should be connected in parallel. In order to increase the voltage output cells should be connected in series. In case a battery has a large current capacity and a large voltage output its cells are connected in series-parallel When cells are connected in series the positive terminal of one cell is connected to the negative terminal of the second cell, the positive terminal of the second cell - to the negative terminal of the third... and so on.

When cells are connected in parallel their negative terminals are connected together and their positive terminals are also connected.

In case a cell has a trouble it stops operating or operates badly. This cell should be substituted by another one.


Варианты ответов

  1. An Electrolyte

  2. Electrodes

  3. Electric Cells

  4. Terminals

Чтение текстов с извлечением полной информации (изучающее чтение)


4.1

Заполните пропуски в инструкции следующими фразами


Thelaser beam is 1________________by exciting the atoms of a suitable material - ruby is one - until most of the atoms have electrons orbiting in a higher energy level than usual. The excitation is then stopped and al the excited electrons fall back together, to their 2______________orbits, each one emitting a pulse of light of the same energy. Inthis way an intense beam of light is generated for a very short time. And every pulse or wave-train in this beam is in step with every other3_____________. In this way a beam of light is obtained which is both monochromatic and coherent and easy to focus. This light is reflected by the mirror at one end of the tube. It can only escape at the other 4 _______________ of the tube.


Варианты ответов

  1. end

  2. normal

  3. pulse

  4. made

4.2

Заполните пропуски в инструкции следующими фразами


You саn enter 1 _____________________(three to ten digits) any of which you can dial when service is available. Even •when the phone is locked for security purposes, you 2_________________numbers that have been stored in emergency number memory.

3____________ into Emergency Number memory, complete the following steps:

1.Press MENU.2- Press Down Arrow to move to Gen. Setup.

3. Press YES.

4Press Up Arrow to move to Emergency.

5. Press YES. You will be prompted to enter уour security code (for more Information on security codes, see Locks Menu, Sec. Code).

6. Press Down Arrow to move to the location where you want the Emergency number to be stored.

7. Enter the number.

8. 4_______________to store the selection.


Варианты ответов

  1. To enter a number

  2. can dial

  3. three different emergency numbers

  4. Press YES


4.3

Заполните пропуски в инструкции следующими фразами

Сall Timer shows the duration of the current conversation. The timer1______________, and resets after 93 minutes.To turn the call timer on or off 2_______________ :

1. Press MENU

2. Press Down Arrow to move to Call Setup.

3. Press YES.

4. 3 ___________________ to move to Call Timer.

5Press YES.

6. Press an arrow key to move between the selections.

7. Press YES 4 _______________.


Варианты ответов

  1. shows minutes and seconds

  2. complete the following steps

  3. Press Down Arrow

  4. to store the highlighted selection



4.4

Заполните пропуски в инструкции следующими фразами


To optimize your1________________for multiple configurations

1. Create a separate set of CONFIG.SYS and AUTOEXEC.ВАТfiles for 2_______________________________on your

startup menu. Each set should contain only the commands for that configuration.

2. Run MemMaker separately for each configuration.

3. 3________________________________CONFIG.SYS files into a single multiple-configuration CONFIG.SYS file: combine the AUT0EXEC.BAT files 4_____________________.


Варианты ответов

  1. Into a single AUTOEXEC.BAT file

  2. each configuration

  3. Combine the optimized

  4. computer's memory

4.5

Заполните пропуски в инструкции следующими фразами


The conventional circuit would require approximately 40separate discrete1______________,200 connections, 40 hermetic seals, and 300 2____________________processing operations with each operation, seal, and connection representing a possible source of failure. However, if all the elements of this circuit 3____________one chip

of silicon, the number of connection drops to about 14. All circuit elements are interconnected inside the package by a process known as vapour metallization: instead of 40 hermetic seals there is out. and the three

4 ____________________ processing operations are reduced to

approximately 30.


Варианты ответов

  1. separate

  2. hundred

  3. elements

  4. are integrated


4.6

Заполните пропуски в инструкции следующими фразами


Now we shall discuss amplifier circuits, or more specifically, audio amplifiers. 1______ is an electron tube or transistor circuit, which 2_________________________ up an ac

signalapplied to its input. It is called a voltage amplifier if the

magnitude of the output 3___________________. From the amplifier

is considerably greater than that of the input voltage. As a matter of fact the ratio of the output voltage to the4__________________voltage is called the amplification or gain of the amplifier.


Варианты ответов

  1. voltage

  2. An amplifier

  3. input

  4. builds


5Чтение текстов с извлечением нужной или интересующей информации (поисковое чтение).

5.1

Прочитайтетекст

Much personal information about individuals is new stored in computer files. An unauthorized person with access to this information could use it for blackmail. Also, confidential information about a company's products or operations can he stolen and sold to unscrupulous competitors. (One attempt at the latter came to light when the competitor turned оut to be scrupulous and turned in the people who were trying to sell him stolen information.)

Ответьтенавопрос

When can personal information be used for blackmails?


  1. If a person has found this information on the Internet.

  2. If a person has bought this information.

  3. If a person has found it in the newspaper.

  4. If a person has access to this information.


5.2

Прочитайтетекст

You can`t carry a computer" as easily as you can a newspaper, but you'll find a lot of other things to like about online newspapers.

More than 100 daily papers in the United States and Canada publish electronic editions. You can connect with them using your computer, a modem and an Internet browser. Online newspapers have the most up-to-date news. Both USA Today and The San Jose (California) Mercury News add stories to their electronic editions throughout the day.

Ответьтенавопрос

Howcan you connect with electronic editions of daily papers?


  1. You have to use your computer and a modem.

  2. You have to go to the public library,

  3. You have to use оnlу your home computer.

  4. You have to use your computer, a modem and an Internet browser


6 Распознавание значений слов по контексту.

6.1

Прочитайте текст и найдите соответствующий перевод подчёркнутого выражения


Tim Berners-Lee invented the World Wide Web (WWW) when he discovered a way to jump to different files on his computer using random, or unplanned, links between them. Hеthen wrote a simple coding systemcalled HTML (Hyper Text Markup Language), to create links to files on any computer connected to the network. This was possible because each file had an individual address, or URL (Uniform Resource Locator), He then used a set of transfer rules, called HTTP (Hyper Text Transfer Protocol), to link Web files together across the Internet. Berners-Lee also invented the world's first browser. This lets you locate and view Web pages and also navigate from one link to another.


Варианты ответов

  1. обычная система кодировки

  2. обычная система индексов

  3. простая система кодирования

  4. простая система кодировки



6.2Прочитайте текст и найдите соответствующий перевод подчёркнутого выражения


The Internet - alias the Net - is also known as cyberspace, the information superhighway, the online communitythe electronic library and the digital revolution: all a series of creative metaphors frying to define it. It has been hyped as the most significant development in communication tools since the invention of the printing press and then condemned as the end of civilization as we know if. So, whatisit?


Варианты ответов

  1. онлайновый диалог

  2. онлайновое общество

  3. онлайновый комитет

  4. онлайновое обсуждение


7 Чтение текстов с полным пониманием и выстраивание логической последовательности.

7.1

Расположите пропущенные предложения в таком порядке, чтобы получился связанный текст

Sir Clive Sinclair didn't invent the home computer, but he brought it within the reach of the man in the street.

1_____________________ The Sinclair ZX80 sold for L99.95.

2______________________Today's personal computers have a memory of it least 512 Kilobytes.

3_______________________It displayed 24 or32-character lines on a home TV screen.

4_______________________


Варианты ответов

  1. But it was a computer.

  2. He did this by designing and making the cheapest possible machine.

  3. The ZX80 was small, with a plastic touch-keyboard.

  4. The ZX8D had an internal memory of just 1 Kilobyte (a Kilobyte is 1024 bytes: one byte equals one letter or number).

7.2Расположите пропущенные предложения в таком порядке, чтобы получился связанный текст


1_______________.

2_______________ There are computers in all kinds of electrical devices, from mobile phones to washing machines. 3 _____________.When programmers write programs, they have to plan carefully for every possible kinds of error a computer user-can input into the computes.

4______________________.


Варианты ответов

  1. We use computer in many parts of our lives.

  2. It is planning for the random behavior of humane that makes programming so much fun,

  3. We can also find them in banks, supermarkets and cars.

  4. We use them not just in schools or for the Internet


8 Чтение с полным пониманием текста и логическое завершение

предложения.

8.1

Прочитайтетекст

Theword computer comes from a Latin word which means to count. A computer is a machine with a complex network of electronic circuits that operate switches or magnetize tiny metal cores. The switches, like the cores, are capable of being in one of two possible states, that is, on and off; magnetized or demagnetized. The machine is capable of .strong and manipulating numbers, letters, and characters. The basic idea of the computer is that we сan make the machine do what we want by inputting signals that turn certain switches on and turn others off, or that magnetize or do not magnetize the cores.

Закончитепредложение

The word computer comes from a Latin word which means____________.


Варианты ответов

  1. to count

  2. to manipulate

  3. to read

  4. to write


8.2

Прочитайтетекст

There are different kinds of computers. Some do only one job over and over again. These are special-purpose computers. But there are some computers that can do many different jobs. They are called general-purpose computers. These are the "big brains" that solve the most difficult problems of science, .They answer questions about rockets and planes, bridges and ships - long before these things are even built. Computershelp our space program, our business and industry, medicine and education. They are powerful tools which help to change our life and the world around us.

Закончитепредложение

There are some computers that can do____________.


Вариантыответов

  1. many different jobs

  2. much work

  3. only one job

  4. many different operations

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